We all know that childhood is one of most important times for healthy development, learning and establishing foundations for your child’s future. In the first five years, children grow rapidly across five key areas of development:
- Physical – crawling, walking, grasping, drawing
- Communication – speaking, listening, understanding
- Social-emotional – expressing emotions, interacting with others
- Cognitive – problem-solving, critical thinking, sorting
- Fine & Gross Motor skills – dressing, toileting, eating
At Atkins Health, our focus is to check whether the children within our program are hitting their childhood milestones, and if not, we determine the most suitable fun and play-based exercise programs that we can apply to enhance the development of your child.
Cognitive Development – Ages and Stages
Cognitive development starts at infancy. How children think, explore and figure things out, starts as a baby and develops rapidly over the first five years of a child’s life. Cognitive development in children involves the development of knowledge, skills, problem solving, and understanding the world around them, and brain development is a key part of this process.
When we look at development stages, we can break this down into four age groups:
- Pre-school age
- School age
For each of these stages, there are various ways to screen a child, as well as a variety of programs available to enhance the development of your child.
How Does Physical Activity Help in Cognitive Development?
Exercise plays an important role in angiogenesis, the generation of new blood vessels, and neurogenesis, the growth and development of nervous tissue, that influence cognitive, physical, emotional, learning, and neurophysiological domains, both directly and indirectly, thereby rendering it essential.
Some of the benefits of exercise include:
- Improved gross and fine motor skills.
- Increased concentration and focus.
- Psychosocial Development
- Improved posture and balance
- Increased ability to socialise
- Increased fitness and endurance